This third module of the eight-part series explores the multifaceted nature of literacy development, shining light on the foundational skills to address the importance of automatic word recognition as a prerequisite for fluent reading comprehension. Inside, you will learn about what we do when we read, what subskills are essential for reading at the word level, and what instructional modifications can be made to support multilingual learners’ (MLs’) literacy success.
Time estimate: 2.5 – 3 hours
Welcome to the Enhancing Evidence-Based Practices for English Learners series in the Ohio Literacy Library! We present eight modules in this series, all of which are geared towards educators and other interested stakeholders who want to further their knowledge and skills in pursuit of an equitable society where learners’ cultural, linguistic, and ethnic identities are honored and validated.
Multilingual learners (MLs) are by far the fastest-growing student population nationwide. Yet, they are an underserved student group, who deserve equal opportunities and access to resources to achieve academic success. It is our intention, therefore, to provide educators with opportunities to reflect on their teaching practices and explore ways in which they can help MLs see themselves as well as others a valued part of the world. To this end, we will be covering a range of topics in this series to help you (1) understand MLs’ diverse needs and strengths and (2) serve them better in your classrooms, schools, and communities. Thank you for being an advocate for MLs who, thanks to your dedication, will go on to enrich our communities and shape our nation.
This module explores the multifaceted development of reading and presents information about word recognition, a prerequisite for fluent reading comprehension. By invoking widely accepted theoretical frameworks (e.g., the Simple View of Reading (Gough & Tunmer, 1986) and using evidence from scientific research on what we do when we read, we aim to help educators understand the fundamentals of reading at the word level. As you go through the module, you will learn about (1) the foundational skills that beginning-level MLs (and all beginning readers) must master to become strong readers and (2) effective instructional methods and considerations for supporting MLs’ literacy development.
Recognize the complex and multifaceted nature of reading
Identify the literacy components for skilled reading
Explain three components of word recognition
Describe effective foundational literacy instruction and modifications that accommodate MLs’ needs
Describe major speech-sound differences between English and three of the languages spoken by MLs in Ohio
Course Navigation, Design, and Policies
Throughout each course, you will see a Course Outline with a green ribbon and the title of the course at the top right corner of the page. The outline displays every section of the course. Click any section to jump right to it.
At any time you are in a module, you can go back to the Home Module page by clicking the Back to Module button located directly under the module outline.
As you go through the course, you will have the opportunity to click the Mark Complete box at the end of each section. When you do this, the sections you have completed will be crossed off in your outline, and you will be taken to the next section of the course.
Your progress will automatically be saved within the learning management system, and you can view your course progress through the progress bar located near the top of most sections.
Exiting and Resuming a Module
Know that your progress will automatically be saved within the learning management system. If you exit the website, once you log back in you can easily access your courses by clicking the on the My Dashboard button located on the gray ribbon on top of every page.
Note Feature within the Modules
Throughout each module, you will notice some Reflection boxes that provide various prompts. Each reflection will be in a grey box with an image of a pen/lightbulb. A built in feature of each module is the ability to take notes and save them for your future use. This feature can be used within any part of the module, but is especially helpful for the reflection activities.
To access the note feature, simply click on the purple Take Notes button fixed in the lower right-hand corner of the screen. When you click on this button, a Take Notes box will appear. This box can be moved anywhere on the screen. Within the box, there is a SAVE button as well as a Print Button.
The easiest way to print all the notes you take from the entire module is to click View All Notes. When you click View All Notes, you will be taken to a page like the one below.
Click the boxes of the Notes you would like to print, and then click Download Selected. All your notes will be downloaded into one document separated by headers.
All Ohio’s comprehensive learning modules are relevant to any educator working to support students’ literacy development. In each module, you will find in-depth narrative text, linked resources, realistic scenarios, reflection activities, and embedded audio and videos.
Each module is self-paced. The approximate time for completion of the module is listed in the Simple View of Reading Module text box on the home page of the module.
Additional information included on each module’s home page include:
- Required prerequisites for the module.
- A more detailed description of the module.
- Helpful downloadable resources for the module including an outline of the module’s content and supporting resources, a step-by-step guide to assist you in navigating the professional learning modules, and an in-depth information about the purpose and key elements of the Ohio Literacy Library.
Professional Development Certificatesare available for each comprehensive learning module. To earn a Professional Development Certificate, you must obtain a passing score of 85% or more on the module post-test. Please note that you are only allowed up to two attempts to obtain a passing score to earn your certificate.
When completing professional development modules within All Ohio, you can earn badges based on your engagement in and mastery of content within each comprehensive learning module. You earnAchievement Badges when you demonstrate proficiency with module content (i.e., obtaining a score of at least 85%), whereas Engagement Badges are awarded based on your level of participation on the site. Your earned Certificates and Badges will be displayed on your “All Ohio Dashboard.”
High standards of honesty and integrity are expected when completing professional development within this learning management system. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, dishonesty in the completion of activities and/or claiming credit for work not done or done by others. Any violation of these expectations can result in removal from this learning management system.