What is Dyslexia?
Welcome to the “What is Dyslexia?” module! This is the first module in a series that explores dyslexia. The module is intended for educators and other interested stakeholders who want to know more about dyslexia. The module will discuss what dyslexia is (and isn’t), how it presents across time, evidence-based strategies shown to help students with dyslexia, and resources available to help you learn more about it.
Time Estimate: 2-3 hours
Welcome to the What is Dyslexia? module in the Ohio Literacy Library! This module is geared towards all educators and other interested stakeholders who want to further their knowledge of dyslexia. Dyslexia is estimated to effect 5-10% of the population according to the National Institute of Health. Dyslexia is one of the most common causes of reading difficulty among elementary children. As educators, caregivers, and other roles that support children and education, it’s imperative that we have a working definition of what dyslexia is, what it looks like across different ages, and best practices for supporting children with dyslexia.
Whether you are an early interventionist, caregiver, teacher, administrator, paraprofessional, parent, related service provider, higher education faculty or candidate, or have another role in helping a child develop their reading skills, we want to first say THANK YOU. We know that your time is valuable and you would not be here if you weren’t interested in supporting outcomes for young children and families.
This module is an introduction to Dyslexia. Participants will learn:
- To properly define Dyslexia
- Common characteristics of Dyslexia across the lifespan
- Compare and contrast its characteristics with other reading difficulties
- Where to find quality information and resources with regard to Dyslexia
Dyslexia is defined by the International Dyslexia Association as “(dyslexia is) a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.” (IDA, 2002).
Our hope is that by participating in this module you will have the knowledge and understanding of what dyslexia is and use that information to inform your practice, help others, and support our vision of literacy for all.
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Module Learning Objectives
Identify common characteristics of dyslexia across age spans.
Identify how dyslexia is similar to and different from other types of reading difficulties.
Identify evidence-based instructional approaches for teaching students with dyslexia.
Identify resources for learning more about dyslexia.
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