FL1. The Simple View of Reading

Foundational Literacy Module One Cover Photo for the Simple View of Reading
Course Progress

The Simple View of Reading Module

The desired outcome of skilled reading is understanding and learning from text. To plan for and provide appropriate reading instruction, educators need to identify the basic components that are associated with reading comprehension. This module clarifies the broad skills needed for reading comprehension and identifies effective practices that facilitate readers gaining meaning from text (est. completion time: 2.5 hours).

  • The Simple View of Reading
    • Pre-Assessment
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. What is the Simple View of Reading?
    • 3. The Simple View of Reading in the Classroom
    • 4. It’s Simple and Complex
    • 5. The Changing Emphasis
    • 6. Developing Word Recognition Skills
    • 7. Developing Language Comprehension Skills
    • 8. Implications for Educational Practice
    • 9. Summing It Up
    • Post-Assessment
How to use this Module



This first course in the Ohio Literacy Library provides an overview of the elements of reading associated with reading proficiency.

Module Description

Nearly every day, educators encounter students who struggle to read classroom materials and comprehend what they read. Reading difficulties are common in students at all grade levels, and if not remediated, are associated with poor academic performance and adverse post-secondary outcomes (Salinger, 2011). Raising low literacy achievement has been a long-term challenge. Despite diligent improvement efforts in schools and countless federal and state mandates aimed at improving literacy, over 60% of children in Ohio and the nation are still not reading proficiently (National Assessment of Educational Progress, 2019). Although educators have completed years of college coursework, many continue to feel at a loss for how to help students at all levels learn to read proficiently. Fortunately, we now know what to do to help students become skillful readers (Fletcher et al., 2019; Kilpatrick, 2015; Seidenberg, 2009).

This first module aims to provide you with an overview of a widely accepted reading model known as the Simple View of Reading. The Simple View of Reading clarifies those elements of reading associated with reading proficiency. Potentially, the Simple View of Reading can serve as a guide for determining what skilled readers do well and the weaknesses that lead to reading comprehension problems. By completing this module, we hope you will gain the necessary background knowledge to continue with further modules that delve deeper into best classroom practices in literacy instruction.

Potentially, the Simple View of Reading can serve as a guide for determining what skilled readers do well and the weaknesses that lead to reading comprehension problems. 

Although some of this information may differ from what you have previously learned about reading development, we urge you to keep an open mind. Science is ever-evolving, and with new brain scan imaging and research from multiple fields, we now know more than ever before about how individuals learn to read. Be at ease knowing that this module is grounded in reading science and aligned with Ohio’s Language and Literacy Vision described in Ohio’s Plan to Raise Literacy Achievement and the Read Ohio initiative. 

Learning Objectives

Number 1

Explain the components of the Simple View of Reading and how the emphasis on different reading skills changes over time.

Number 2

Describe how reading comprehension develops according to the Simple View of Reading. 

Number 3

Describe instructional implications of the Simple View of Reading.

Number 4

Identify instructional practices that build word recognition and language comprehension skills.

OCCRRA Approved Module

OCCRRA Approval Badge

Do you teach young children birth to age five in Ohio? This module is approved by the Ohio Child Care Resource & Referral Association for continuing education credit. Follow the steps below to earn credit in OCCRRA!

Steps to Register for an OCCRRA Approved Training

  1.  Go to the OCCRRA Registry to search for the training.
  2. Enter the name of the ALL Ohio module (e.g., The Simple View of Reading) in the search box at the top of the page under Professional Development Events.
  3. Click on the training to review training details and add the training to your cart.
  4. View cart and checkout. You must successfully check out to complete the registration process.
  5. Once you checkout, you will see a screen verifying your order has been successfully placed in OCCRRA.
  6. You will receive confirmation email for your training registration from OCCRRA.
  7. Go to The Simple View of Reading module in the ALL Ohio library and enroll in the course.

When you’ve successfully completed the module post-assessment, you will receive a certificate of completion and badge. Our ALL Ohio project Team verifies completion of module learning once per week. You will not receive credit in OCCRRA until our team has verified your completion.

Course Navigation, Design, and Policies

Throughout each course, you will see a Course Outline with a green ribbon and the title of the course at the top right corner of the page. The outline displays every section of the course. Click any section to jump right to it.

At any time you are in a module, you can go back to the Home Module page by clicking the Back to Module button located directly under the module outline.

As you go through the course, you will have the opportunity to click the Mark Complete box at the end of each section. When you do this, the sections you have completed will be crossed off in your outline, and you will be taken to the next section of the course.

Your progress will automatically be saved within the learning management system, and you can view your course progress through the progress bar located near the top of most sections.

Exiting and Resuming a Module

Know that your progress will automatically be saved within the learning management system. If you exit the website, once you log back in you can easily access your courses by clicking the on the My Dashboard button located on the gray ribbon on top of every page.

Note Feature within the Modules

Throughout each module, you will notice some Reflection boxes that provide various prompts. Each reflection will be in a grey box with an image of a pen/lightbulb. A built in feature of each module is the ability to take notes and save them for your future use. This feature can be used within any part of the module, but is especially helpful for the reflection activities.

To access the note feature, simply click on the purple Take Notes button fixed in the lower right-hand corner of the screen. When you click on this button, a Take Notes box will appear. This box can be moved anywhere on the screen. Within the box, there is a SAVE button as well as a Print Button.

The easiest way to print all the notes you take from the entire module is to click View All Notes. When you click View All Notes, you will be taken to a page like the one below.

Click the boxes of the Notes you would like to print, and then click Download Selected. All your notes will be downloaded into one document separated by headers.

Purpose and Structure of Modules

All Ohio’s comprehensive learning modules are relevant to any educator working to support students’ literacy development. In each module, you will find in-depth narrative text, linked resources, realistic scenarios, reflection activities, and embedded audio and videos.

Each module is self-paced. The approximate time for completion of the module is listed in the Simple View of Reading Module text box on the home page of the module. 

Additional information included on each module’s home page include:

  • Required prerequisites for the module.
  • A more detailed description of the module.
  • Helpful downloadable resources for the module including an outline of the module’s content and supporting resources, a step-by-step guide to assist you in navigating the professional learning modules, and an in-depth information about the purpose and key elements of the Ohio Literacy Library.
Certificates and Badges

Professional Development Certificates are available for each comprehensive learning module. To earn a Professional Development Certificate, you must obtain a passing score of 85% or more on the module post-test. Please note that you are only allowed up to two attempts to obtain a passing score to earn your certificate.


When completing professional development modules within All Ohio, you can earn badges based on your engagement in and mastery of content within each comprehensive learning module. You earn Achievement Badges when you demonstrate proficiency with module content (i.e., obtaining a score of at least 85%), whereas Engagement Badges are awarded based on your level of participation on the site.

Your earned Certificates and Badges will be displayed on your “All Ohio Dashboard.”
Academic Honesty
High standards of honesty and integrity are expected when completing professional development within this learning management system. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, dishonesty in the completion of activities and/or claiming credit for work not done or done by others.  Any violation of these expectations can result in removal from this learning management system.

If you have any issues with accessing the content or functionality of this course, please email: allohioprojectteam@uc.edu

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Helpful Resources Related to this Module:

Module Resources

An outline of the module’s main content and supporting resources.

Welcome & Navigation

Step-by-step guide to assist you in navigating the professional learning modules. 

Ohio Literacy Library

In-depth information about the purpose and key elements of the Ohio Literacy Library.

Enroll in this Module