EC5. Print Knowledge: The Why and the What

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Print Knowledge: The Why and the What

Welcome to the Print Knowledge: The Why and The What Module! This is the first module in a six-part series that explores the foundational knowledge needed to support diverse young learners in various settings. Specifically, this module allows you to expand your knowledge and understanding of print knowledge and apply it.

Estimated Completion Time: 2.5-3 hours

  • EC5. Print Knowledge: The Why and the What
    • Pre-Assessment: Print Knowledge 
    • Introduction to Emergent Literacy
    • What is Print Knowledge?
    • Concepts of Print
    • The ABC’s of Alphabet Knowledge
    • Rapid Automatic Naming (RAN)
    • Writing in the Preschool Years
    • Summing it Up
    • Post-Assessment: Print Knowledge
How to use this Module


Welcome to the Early Childhood (B-K) series in the Ohio Literacy Library! We present six modules in this series designed to assist all educators and other interested stakeholders in helping young children acquire foundational early literacy skills.

In this module, we will address print knowledge including alphabet knowledge, rapid automatic naming (RAN), and emergent writing. We will discuss what each of these skills looks like across development milestones in the early years, and identify considerations for adapting and modifying content to support the individualized needs of young children across environments and experiences.

Whether you are an early interventionist, caregiver, teacher, administrator, paraprofessional, parent, related service provider, higher education faculty or candidate, or have another role in helping a child develop their reading skills, we want to first say THANK YOU. We know that your time is valuable and you would not be here if you weren’t interested in supporting outcomes for young children and families.


  • EC1: Building Emergent Literacy
  • EC2: Vocabulary and Oral Language: The Why and the What
  • EC3: Vocabulary and Oral Language: The How
  • EC4: Phonological Awareness: The Why, What, and How

Module Description

This module introduces one component of early literacy learning by addressing the why and what of print knowledge. Print knowledge includes concepts like:

  • Alphabet Knowledge
  • Concepts of Print
  • Random Automatic Naming (RAN)
  • Writing

Each subcomponent of print knowledge will be addressed in this module. Letter names, letter sounds, and emergent writing are highlighted with emphasis on activities that are easily implemented in the natural environment (i.e., home, classroom, community). The content of this module is designed to assist early childhood educators, families, and other stakeholders in learning why print knowledge is an essential component of early literacy learning and what concepts and skills students need to learn to have a solid foundation in print knowledge.

OCCRRA Approved Module

OCCRRA Approval Badge

Do you teach young children birth to age five in Ohio? This module is approved by the Ohio Child Care Resource & Referral Association for continuing education credit. Follow the steps below to earn credit in OCCRRA!

Steps to Register for an OCCRRA Approved Training

  1.  Go to the OCCRRA Registry to search for the training.
  2. Enter the name of the ALL Ohio module (e.g., Print Knowledge: The Why and The What) in the search box at the top of the page under Professional Development Events.
  3. Click on the training to review training details and add the training to your cart.
  4. View cart and checkout. You must successfully check out to complete the registration process.
  5. Once you checkout, you will see a screen verifying your order has been successfully placed in OCCRRA.
  6. You will receive confirmation email for your training registration from OCCRRA.
  7. Go to the Print Knowledge: The Why and The What module in the ALL Ohio library and enroll in the course.

When you’ve successfully completed the module post-assessment, you will receive a certificate of completion and badge. Our ALL Ohio project Team verifies completion of module learning once per week. You will not receive credit in OCCRRA until our team has verified your completion.

Course Navigation, Design, and Policies

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At any time you are in a module, you can go back to the Home Module page by clicking the Back to Module button located directly under the module outline.

As you go through the course, you will have the opportunity to click the Mark Complete box at the end of each section. When you do this, the sections you have completed will be crossed off in your outline, and you will be taken to the next section of the course.

Your progress will automatically be saved within the learning management system, and you can view your course progress through the progress bar located near the top of most sections.

Exiting and Resuming a Module

Know that your progress will automatically be saved within the learning management system. If you exit the website, once you log back in you can easily access your courses by clicking the on the My Dashboard button located on the gray ribbon on top of every page.

Note Feature within the Modules

Throughout each module, you will notice some Reflection boxes that provide various prompts. Each reflection will be in a grey box with an image of a pen/lightbulb. A built in feature of each module is the ability to take notes and save them for your future use. This feature can be used within any part of the module, but is especially helpful for the reflection activities.

To access the note feature, simply click on the purple Take Notes button fixed in the lower right-hand corner of the screen. When you click on this button, a Take Notes box will appear. This box can be moved anywhere on the screen. Within the box, there is a SAVE button as well as a Print Button.

The easiest way to print all the notes you take from the entire module is to click View All Notes. When you click View All Notes, you will be taken to a page like the one below.

Click the boxes of the Notes you would like to print, and then click Download Selected. All your notes will be downloaded into one document separated by headers.

Purpose and Structure of Modules

All Ohio’s comprehensive learning modules are relevant to any educator working to support students’ literacy development. In each module, you will find in-depth narrative text, linked resources, realistic scenarios, reflection activities, and embedded audio and videos.

Each module is self-paced. The approximate time for completion of the module is listed in the Simple View of Reading Module text box on the home page of the module. 

Additional information included on each module’s home page include:

  • Required prerequisites for the module.
  • A more detailed description of the module.
  • Helpful downloadable resources for the module including an outline of the module’s content and supporting resources, a step-by-step guide to assist you in navigating the professional learning modules, and an in-depth information about the purpose and key elements of the Ohio Literacy Library.
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Professional Development Certificates are available for each comprehensive learning module. To earn a Professional Development Certificate, you must obtain a passing score of 85% or more on the module post-test. Please note that you are only allowed up to two attempts to obtain a passing score to earn your certificate.


When completing professional development modules within All Ohio, you can earn badges based on your engagement in and mastery of content within each comprehensive learning module. You earn Achievement Badges when you demonstrate proficiency with module content (i.e., obtaining a score of at least 85%), whereas Engagement Badges are awarded based on your level of participation on the site.

Your earned Certificates and Badges will be displayed on your “All Ohio Dashboard.”
Academic Honesty
High standards of honesty and integrity are expected when completing professional development within this learning management system. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, dishonesty in the completion of activities and/or claiming credit for work not done or done by others.  Any violation of these expectations can result in removal from this learning management system.

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Desired Outcome

After completing this module, you will understand the core concepts related to print knowledge development with young children. Our goal is that as you engage with this content, you will reflect on the current practice you use and consider how these align with best practices. We hope that your engagement with this content supports your growth as you support the ongoing development of young children.

Module Learning Objectives

The purpose of this module is to increase your knowledge and understanding of print knowledge. By completing this module, you will be able to:

Number 1

Identify the key components of print knowledge.

Number 2

Explain the key components of print knowledge including concepts of print, alphabet knowledge, and writing.

Number 3

Explain how Rapid Automatic Naming (RAN) is predicative of later reading ability.

Number 4

Apply concepts of print knowledge to real world scenarios.

Helpful Resources Related to this Module:

An outline of the module’s main content and supporting resources.

Welcome & Navigation

Step-by-step guide to assist you in navigating the professional learning modules. 

Ohio Literacy Library

In-depth information about the purpose and key elements of the Ohio Literacy Library.

Enroll in this Module