Writing is crucial for multilingual learners’ (MLs’) academic success as it is a principal way in which they reflect on and communicate their learning in school. Writing is challenging for all students, but MLs face additional challenges in developing their English writing skills. This module focuses on (1) MLs’ writing progression based on their language, literacy, and educational experiences and (2) evidence-based instructional practices that support MLs’ (and all students’) writing development.
Time estimate: 2.5 – 3 hours
- 1. What Skills Support Proficient Writing?
- 2. MLs’ Writing Development
- 3. Writing Instruction Approaches for MLs with Differing Home Languages
- 4. Scaffolding Writing Instruction for Varying Literacy Backgrounds
- 5. Oral Language and Writing Skills
- 6. The Reading-Writing Connections
- 7. Reading and Writing Are Interrelated – So What?
- 8. Scaffolding MLs’ Writing in the Content Areas
- 9. Summing It Up
Welcome to the Enhancing Evidence-Based Practices for English Learners series in the Ohio Literacy Library! We present eight modules in this series, all of which are geared towards educators and other interested stakeholders who want to further their knowledge and skills in pursuit of an equitable society where learners’ cultural, linguistic, and ethnic identities are honored and validated.
Multilingual learners (MLs) are by far the fastest-growing student population nationwide. Yet, they are an underserved student group, who deserve equal opportunities and access to resources to achieve academic success. It is our intention, therefore, to provide educators with opportunities to reflect on their teaching practices and explore ways in which they can help MLs see themselves as well as others a valued part of the world. To this end, we will be covering a range of topics in this series to help you (1) understand MLs’ diverse needs and strengths and (2) serve them better in your classrooms, schools, and communities. Thank you for being an advocate for MLs who, thanks to your dedication, will go on to enrich our communities and shape our nation.
- Module 1: Cultural Competence
- Module 2: Every Teacher Is a Language Teacher
- Module 3: Word Recognition: A Prerequisite for Fluent Reading
- Module 4: How Language Comprehension Leads to Reading Comprehension
- Module 5: Implementing Interventions
- Module 6: Explicit Vocabulary Instruction
- Module 7: Integrating Language into Content Instruction
This module promotes evidence-based practices in writing instruction that will benefit MLs (and all learners) by providing insight into the writing development of MLs with varying proficiency levels and discussing major research findings on writing instruction as well as teaching implications. Teachers will (1) identify critical subskills for writing proficiency; (2) understand the writing development of MLs with different language and educational experiences and how instruction should vary across these MLs; (3) learn about how oral language serves as a foundation that supports MLs’ writing development; (4) explore the intersection between reading and writing, focusing on how reading can support MLs’ writing development, and ways to closely connect the two skills in classroom instruction; and (5) consider how to design explicit writing instruction to account for the specific ways information is written across content areas.
Identify critical subskills needed to become proficient writers
Describe effective instructional approaches for MLs across proficiency levels
Examine the role of oral language in MLs' writing development
Explain the intersection between reading and writing and its teaching implications
Design writing instruction that scaffolds MLs' writing development in content areas
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