ML5. Fostering Reading Fluency

Course Progress


Reading fluency is often understood as the ability to read fast. But there is so much more to reading fluency than just speed. This module discusses reading fluency with the aim to provide educators with a clearer understanding of its definition and components and to equip educators with knowledge and tools for implementing reading fluency instruction using the most appropriate approach for their MLs.

Time estimate: 2.5 – 3 hours

  • Fostering Reading Fluency
    • Pre-Assessment
    • 1. Unpacking the Multidimensional Nature of Reading Fluency
    • 2. Reading Fluency: More than Reading Speed
    • 3. Fostering Reading Fluency at the Word-Reading Level
    • 4. Fostering Reading Fluency at the Passage-Reading Level
    • 5. Other Considerations for Reading Fluency Instruction
    • 6. Summing It Up
    • Post-Assessment
    • Module Evaluation
How to use this Module


Welcome to the Multilingual Learner series! We present 10 modules in this series, all of which are geared towards educators and other interested stakeholders who want to further their knowledge and skills in pursuit of an equitable society where learners’ cultural, linguistic, and ethnic identities are honored and validated.

English learners, referred to as multilingual learners (MLs) in this series, are by far the fastest-growing student population nationwide. Yet, they are an underserved student group, who deserve equal opportunities and access to resources to achieve academic success. It is our intention, therefore, to provide educators with opportunities to reflect on their teaching practices and explore ways in which they can help MLs see themselves as well as others a valued part of the world. To this end, we will be covering a range of topics in this series to help you (1) understand MLs’ diverse needs and strengths and (2) serve them better in your classrooms, schools, and communities. Thank you for being an advocate for MLs who, thanks to your dedication, will go on to enrich our communities and shape our nation.


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Module Description

One of the literacy instructional goals is to teach our students to become fluent readers. As such, having a clear understanding of what reading fluency means and what processes are engaged by fluency allows for the optimal development and implementation of reading fluency instruction. Because reading fluency is considered as a bridge that connects decoding to comprehension, this module naturally extends Module 4 (Word Recognition: A Prerequisite for Fluent Reading Comprehension) in terms of the aspects of word recognition and building automaticity at the word level. There is no question that automaticity, which intertwines speed and accuracy, plays a pivotal role in reading fluency development. However, there are other dimensions of reading fluency that we should not neglect, such as reading prosody and comprehension, to be able to support MLs’ reading fluency development. This module will 

  • help you develop a nuanced understanding of reading fluency as a multidimensional skill and as a developmental process
  • introduce classroom activities that can be used to foster reading fluency 
  • explore other considerations for reading fluency to help you provide the most effective and appropriate reading fluency instruction for MLs

Learning Objectives

Number 1

Define reading fluency and its developmental aspects

Number 2

Explain key components of reading fluency and the consequences of neglecting one over others

Number 3

Identify classroom activities that foster reading fluency at different levels

Number 4

Select appropriate reading fluency instructional approaches for your context

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Helpful Resources Related to this Module

Module Resources

An outline of the module’s main content and supporting resources.

Welcome & Navigation

Step-by-step guide to assist you in navigating the professional learning modules. 

Ohio Literacy Library

In-depth information about the purpose and key elements of the Ohio Literacy Library.

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