EC4. Phonological Awareness: The Why, What, and How

Course Progress

Phonological Awareness: The Why, What, and How 

Welcome to the Phonological Awareness: The Why, What, and How Module! This module is the 3rd module in a six-part series that explores the foundational knowledge needed to support diverse young learners in various settings. Specifically, this module allows you to expand your understanding of developing phonological awareness skills and how to implement developmentally appropriate activities that support child outcomes.

Estimated Completion Time: 2.5-3 hours

  • EC4. Phonological Awareness: The Why, What, and How
    • Pre-Assessment: Phonological Awareness
    • 1. Introduction to Phonological Processing
    • 2. Phonological Awareness: What it is and Why it Matters
    • 4. Phonological Naming
    • 5. Phonological Working Memory
    • 6. Supporting All Children
    • Post-Assessment: Phonological Awareness
How to use this Module


Welcome to the Ohio Literacy Library’s Early Childhood (B-K) series! We present six modules in this series designed to assist all educators and other related partners in helping young children acquire foundational early literacy skills. 

In this module, we will address phonological processing, including phonological awareness and phonological memory. We will discuss what each of these skills looks like across developmental milestones in the early years and identify considerations for adapting and modifying content to support the individualized needs of young children across environments and experiences. 

Whether you are an early interventionist, caregiver, teacher, administrator, paraprofessional, parent, related service provider, higher education faculty or candidate, or have another role in helping a child develop their early literacy skills, we thank you. We know your time is valuable, and you would not be here if you weren’t interested in supporting outcomes for young children and families. 


The University of Cincinnati Systems Development & Improvement Center


  • EC1: Building Emergent Literacy
  • EC2: Vocabulary and Oral Language: The Why and the What
  • EC3: Vocabulary and Oral Language: The How

Module Description

This module introduces one component of early literacy learning by addressing the why, what, and how of phonological awareness. Specifically, the content will focus on phonological and phonemic awareness.

This module will address each subcomponent of phonological and phonemic awareness with a focus on activities that caregivers can implement in a child’s natural environment (i.e., home, classroom, community). The content of this module is designed to assist early childhood educators, families, and other stakeholders in learning why phonological processing is an essential component of early literacy learning and how to support all children.

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Click the boxes of the Notes you would like to print, and then click Download Selected. All your notes will be downloaded into one document separated by headers.

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Desired Outcome

After completing this module, you will understand the core concepts of phonological processing development with young children. Our goal is that as you engage with this content, you will reflect on the current practices that you use and consider how these align with recommended and research-based practices. We hope your engagement with this content supports your growth as you support the ongoing development of young children.

Module Learning Objectives

This module aims to increase your knowledge and understanding of phonological processing. By completing this module, you will be able to: 

Number 1

Identify examples of phonological and phonemic awareness.

Number 2

Describe the phases of phonological processing.

Number 3

Explain considerations for facilitating phonological and phonemic awareness.

Number 4

Discuss various environmental factors that may impact phonological and phonemic awareness.

Helpful Resources Related to this Module:

An outline of the module’s main content and supporting resources.

Welcome & Navigation

Step-by-step guide to assist you in navigating the professional learning modules. 

Ohio Literacy Library

In-depth information about the purpose and key elements of the Ohio Literacy Library.