ABCs of Student Support

ABCs of Student Support aims to support learners in developing knowledge and skills to persevere through middle school and beyond. The “ABC” stands for Academic, Behavioral, and Cognitive supports for students. This quarter-long intervention is designed for middle school students with language comprehension weaknesses in their reading profiles. The literacy curriculum focuses on strengthening word analysis skills and the ability to analyze complex texts to enhance reading comprehension. Thematic lessons aligned with grade-level content build background knowledge and deepen understanding of subject-area instruction. The intervention emphasizes word analysis strategies to enhance understanding of word parts and comprehension of complex texts. Through guided practice, students learn to analyze complex texts using strategies that facilitate comprehension and application of knowledge. Furthermore, word analysis is promoted through strategies such as morphology instruction, explicit vocabulary routines, unknown word reading strategies, and etymology instruction. Similarly, strategies for analyzing complex texts include main idea identification, questioning techniques, inferencing strategies, and citing textual evidence. Additionally, each lesson incorporates explicit instruction in behavioral and cognitive learning, providing strategies to foster prosocial behaviors. Explicit instruction in behavioral and cognitive learning equips students with intrapersonal and interpersonal skills that promote prosocial behaviors and academic success.

ABCs of Student Support Overview
ABCs of Student Support is an Ohio approved intervention program.

Reading Components Addressed

The intervention program is designed to address comprehension and vocabulary for students who demonstrate difficulty in comprehension but are proficient in word recognition skills. Click the hot spots in the image below to learn more.

Program Design

ABCs of Student Support is designed to be implemented as a daily 45-minute small-group targeted intervention in vocabulary and comprehension for groups of 4-6 students. The lessons are scripted. Each lesson includes a PowerPoint presentation for the teacher to use and the scripted text is included in the notes feature of the slides. Each lesson starts with a 15-minute behavior and cognition learning lesson, which is followed by a 30- minute literacy lesson. These lessons are aligned with daily thematic passages aligned with Ohio’s sixth-grade content standards and promote reflection and the application of new strategies. Lesson scripts direct teachers to use explicit instruction, provide positive and constructive feedback to students, and allow time for student engagement and discussion. Progress monitoring is embedded throughout, and the data should be used by the teacher to re-teach targeted skills as needed in smaller groups or one-on-one.

Alignment to the Science of Reading

The ABCs of Student Support intervention program addresses language comprehension skills for students who have already mastered word recognition skills and read at an appropriate pace, but who continue to experience reading challenges. Proficient language comprehension skills serve as the indicator of a successful adolescent reader (Oakhill, et al., 2015; Institute of Education Sciences [IES], 2008). The program addresses the language comprehension strands of Scarborough’s Reading Rope (2001), including background knowledge, language structures, vocabulary, and verbal reasoning. Emphasizing vocabulary and comprehension supports language development at multiple levels (word and sentence) and constructing a mental model of the text (Oakhill & Cain, 2012; Oakhill et al., 2015). Recommendations in the IES Practice Guide, Improving Adolescent Literacy: Effective Classroom and Intervention Practices (IES, 2008) facilitate comprehension strategy implementation, discussion, and writing. National Reading Panel (2000) recommended that word-learning strategies be featured twice in each unit, including dictionaries to confirm word meanings, morphemic analysis to gain in-text word meanings, and inferential meaning via contextual analysis. Units include comprehension strategies that complement word study lessons on alternative days. Instructing comprehension strategies explicitly provides students ideas for main-idea keyword and inferencing.

Students writing in response to reading

Moving Through the Program

Middle school students enter the ABCs of Student Support Intervention program when the school’s assessment data indicates that the student demonstrates difficulty in comprehension-related tasks associated with reading but is proficient in word recognition. The intervention includes a decision rule framework that multi-tiered systems of support teams can utilize to determine if the ABCs of Student Success intervention is a proper fit for a student. Throughout the eight-week intervention, the teacher will use the ABCs of Student Support Literacy Assessment Book to administer formative assessments with each unit and anecdotal notes taken throughout each lesson. The assessment book includes data tracking sheets for teachers along with action menus that include scaffolding and support strategies. Action menus can be utilized if the data shows a student needs extra support based on formative assessment data and include options to support each Ohio learning standard addressed in the intervention. At the end of the eight-week intervention, students take a cumulative post-intervention assessment measuring the students’ knowledge in vocabulary, including words with morphemes explicitly studied in word study, and comprehension. Students exit the program at the end of eight weeks. If a student does not show proficiency in the intervention post-assessment, the school may choose to employ further diagnostic testing to determine the best case of action to remediate comprehension and vocabulary difficulties.

Want More Information?

To learn more about ABCs of Student Support and determine if the program is right for your district or school, complete the ABCs of Student Support Information Request Form. A representative from the ABCs of Student Support will process your request.